Professor Clifford Bruell

Clifford J. Bruell PhD


BS Biological Sciences (Lowell Technological Institute 1974)

MS Environmental Studies (University of Lowell 1976)

PhD Environmental Engineering (University of Connecticut 1987)



Phone: (978) 934-2284

Location: Falmouth 108A

Specialty: Environmental Engineering

Research Areas: click for abstracts and presentations

Courses offered in past decade:

14.362 Environmental Engineering and Laboratory
14.562 Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology
14.568 Environmental Fate and Transport
14.573 Solid Waste Engineering
14.595 Hazardous Waste Site Remediation

Contributions & Awards:

Recipient of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department "Excellence in Teaching Award" October 3, 2000.

Recipient of UML Graduate Student Association (GSA)- "Outstanding Graduate Faculty Award", May 8, 1998.

Narrative description:

Clifford J. Bruell is a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Massachusetts Lowell where he teaches graduate courses which focus on physical and chemical hydrogeology, environmental chemistry of organic contaminants and hazardous waste site remediation.

His research interests are the development of remediation technologies for soils contaminated with hazardous wastes. He has investigated innovative techniques for the remediation of petroleum hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents such as: electro-kinetics (E-K), soil vapor extraction (SVE), in situ air sparging (IAS), surfactant enhanced soil flushing, in situ biological treatment and in situ chemical oxidation. Additionally, his research interests include studies of the transport of organic chemicals in the vadose zone.

Prof. Bruell has served as a hazardous waste researcher and consultant to government agencies such as MA DEP, U.S. EPA and U.S. Geologic Survey and several national and international environmental firms such as Xpert Design and Diagnostics (XDD), Envirogen, ENSR Consulting and Engineering, and Delft Geotechnics, and to the American Petroleum Institute (API).

He is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the Annual International Conference on Contaminated Soils, Sediments and Water held at University of Massachusetts Amherst. He has published numerous technical articles and serves as Associate Editor for Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal.

Prof. Bruell holds a Ph.D. (1987) in Environmental Engineering from the University of Connecticut; a M.S. (1976) in Environmental Studies from the University of Lowell and a B.S. (1974) in Biological Sciences from Lowell Technological Institute. From 1978 to 1981 he worked as a Sanitary Engineer for Adolph Coors Company in Golden, Colorado. From 1976 to 1977 he was a wastewater treatment plant supervisor at Miller Brewing Co. in Fulton, New York.

Sample list of Funded Research Projects

(either as sole Principal or Co-Principal Investigator):

Sample publications:

  1. Liang, C., C.J. Bruell, Marley, M.C., Sperry, K.L.  2004.  “Persulfate Oxidation for In Situ Remediation of TCE: I. Activated by Ferrous Ion with and without a Persulfate-Thiosulfate Redox Couple”.  Chemosphere 55:1213-1223

  2. Liang, C., C.J. Bruell, Marley, M.C., Sperry, K.L.  2004.  “Persulfate Oxidation for In Situ Remediation: II. Activated by Chelated Ferrous Ion”.  Chemosphere 55:1225-1233

  3. Liang, C., C.J. Bruell, Marley, M.C., Sperry, K.L.  2003.  “Thermally Activated Persulfate Oxidation of Trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane (TCA) in Aqueous Systems and Soil Slurries”.  Soil & Sediment Contamination, 12(2): 207 - 228

  4. Weeks, K.R., C.J. Bruell, N. Mohanty, 2000. "Use of Fenton's Reagent for the Degradation of TCE in Aqueous Systems and Soil Slurries", Soil & Sediment Contamination, 9(4): 331-345.

  5. Inyang, H.I. and C.J. Bruell, Editors, 2000. Remediation in Rock Masses, ASCE Press, Reston, VA.

  6. Bruell, C.J. and H.I. Inyang, 2000. "The Fundamentals of Remediation in Rock Masses" in Remediation in Rock Masses,. ASCE Press, Reston, VA, 1-11.

  7. Dupont, R.R., C.J. Bruell, D. Downey, S. Hulling, M.C. Marley, R. Norris, 1998. Innovative Site Remediation Technology: Design and Application, BIOREMEDITION, Vol. 1., Edited by William C. Anderson, WASTECH® and The American Academy of Environmental Engineers.

  8. Bruell, C.J., 1998. "Soil Remediation by Air Sparging," in R. A. Meyers, ed., The Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, Vol. 7, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, March, pp. 4484-4498.

  9. Bruell, C.J., C.C. Barker, D.K. Ryan, J.W. Duggan, 1998. "Surfactant Enhanced Flushing of Unsaturated Porous Media", J. of Soil Contamination 7(1):47-71.

  10. Coletta, T.F., C.J. Bruell, D.K. Ryan, H.I. Inyang, 1997. "Cation-Enhanced Solutions for the Electrokinetic Removal of Pb from Kaolinite", ASCE J. of Environmental Engineering, 123 (12): 1227-1233.

  11. Barker, C.C., C.J. Bruell, R.S. Baker, 1997. "Selective Recovery of NAPLs Using Oleophilic Suction Lysimetery", Soil and Groundwater Cleanup, Oct., pp. 20-25.

  12. Bruell, C.J., D.K. Ryan, C.C. Barker, J.V. Lazzaro, 1997. "Laboratory Evaluation of a Biodegradable Surfactant for In Situ Soil Flushing", J. of Soil Contamination 6(5):509-523.

  13. Crawford, S.C., C.J. Bruell, D.K. Ryan and J.W. Duggan, 1997. "Effects of Emulsion Viscosity during Surfactant-Enhanced Soil Flushing in Porous Media", J. of Soil Contamination 6(4):355-370.

  14. Bruell, C.J., M.C. Marley, H.H. Hopkins, 1997. "American Petroleum Institute In Situ Air Sparging Database", J. of Soil Contamination 6(2):169-185.

  15. Marley, M.C., E.X. Droste, C.J. Bruell, H.H. Hopkins, 1996. "Use Air Sparging and Vapor Extraction To Remediate Subsurface Organics", Environmental Engineering World, March-April, pp. 6-14.

  16. Marley, M.C., C.J. Bruell, 1995. In Situ Air Sparging: Evaluation of Petroleum Industry Sites and Considerations for Applicability, Design and Operation, API Publication 4609, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C., 90 pages.

  17. Marley, M.C., C.J. Bruell, H.H. Hopkins, 1995. "Air Sparging Technology: A Practice Update", In Situ and On-Site Bioreclamation: In Situ Aeration: Air Sparging, Bioventing, and Related Remediation Processes, Edited by: R. E. Hinchee, R.N. Miller, P.C. Johnson, Battelle Press, Columbus, Ohio.